The Guanches first encountered the Roman Empire around 40 BC when Juba II’s expedition, to re-open the dye production for a facility at Mogador in present day Morocco, landed in the Canary Islands. From the fall of the Roman Empire until the beginning of the Castilian conquest and settlement in 1402, much of Canary Island history was forgotten with little written history. However, in 999 historical records show us that the Arabs landed and traded with the indigenous people on the Island of Gran Canaria (“Canary Islands "). The conquest of the Islands began with a Genoese sailor named Lanzarotto who landed on the island of Lanzarote in the beginning of the 14th century. Quickly, word of the re-discovered Islands spread to other European nations ("Canary Islands History ”). A French nobleman, Jean de Bethencourt, conquered the islands of Lanzarote , Fuerteventura, Gomera, and Hierro from 1402 to 1405 under the direction of Henry III, the King of Castile (“History of Canary Islands ”). The Portuguese settled a remaining indigenous force on the island of Gomera in 1476, resulting in the Treaty of Alcacovas. This treaty recognized the Canary Islands as a Spanish sovereignty and it completed the conquest of the indigenous people and the Canary Islands (“Canary Islands ”).

By: Will Marks